Dialect - A Glossary of Lancashire Words as Spoken in Mawdesley
Written by Alan Cobham, School Lane, Mawdesley.
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was a member the old Mawdesley family of Cobham, which dates back
to the 1700s. Thomas and Isable Cobham, their son Thomas born March
1789. Jane (Marsden) his wife born February 1797. They had ten children.
William my grandfather born September 17th 1815. He had twelve children.
Thomas my father born 1844 married Ellen Moss one of a family of twelve.
She died in 1955 at the age of 92. Myself Alan Cobham born October
1st 1901-the youngest of seven.
This Glossary is confined to words used in Mawdesley.
Dialect varies slightly from village to village also the tones.
Glossary of dialect words and phrases used in Mawdesley during my lifetime.
Many of the vowel sounds are difficult to express with the ordinary vowels as used and written today.
The words dog, clog, bought are pronounced with the short ow as in Bowt'n and Owdh'm, dowg, clowg, bowt (bolt) ; (Bolton and Oldham) ,
The negative no is likewise sounded now.
The words currently used with the ur sound become such as were (wor)
nurse, purse, curse, worse, fost these ending in se or s following the letter r.
These latter words are pronounced noss, poss, coss, woss and fost. Thursday is Thorsday. The letter a occurring before the letter r with a following letter o is sounded as in sparrow, arrow, farrow, marrow, barrow, carrot, parrot.
The a which occurs before the letter r in cart, market, farmer, part, ect. is sounded with the u sound, curt, murket, furmer, purt.
start, wart, dart, Margaret, quarter, dark, lark, bark.
sturt, wurt, durt, Murgot, quurter, durk, lurk, burk.
Many of the words containing the letters ea take the vowel sound of ei as in weight. Such words as break and brake being pronounced breighk. Fight becoming feight (the short e and i being) used. Great becoming greighed. Speak becomes speighk.
Many words which ordinarily contain the letter 1 are pronounced minus this letter as wall, call, fall, ball, stall, hall. woe, coe, foe, boe, stow, ho.
Bolt, Colt, Hold, Told, Cold:- these words are spoken as owt and owd.
These latter words resemble the French or Norman French style of speech. i.e. bowt, cowt, howd, towd, cowd.
Other words containing the letters out, about are pronounced (pronayunced) ayut, abayut.
Now is pronounoed nayu. The emphasis on the vowel sound of ay was more pronounced in my early days by the older folks than at the present. This was a common greeting. "Nayu wheer are tu gooin" -Now where are you going.
Moult is maynt, trout, traynt, cow, cayu, sow (soo) pig. Female.
More than the weight or number.
ACKER SPRIT. potatoes which have had a check in growth, through dry weather, grow small and mis-shapen potatoes when there has been plenty of rain afterwards.
ADDLE. an infertile egg. To accumulate money.
ADDOO. adieu. How do you do. Greeting a friend or passer by.
AGAIT. to work with a rhythm. ;
AGATE. get started. To start work or action. He is agat :: He is engaged at work.
ALICAR. a liquor vinegar.
ALLEY. a glass or stone, marble.
AMACK. to make a tool or machine work proficiently ;
ANNY. any, Anny bit like. of the quality is reasonable
ANGRY. a cut or sore which is turning septic
APRIL NODDY. an April 1st. fool.
ARTU. are you.
ASK. asker. a newt.
ASWINT. crooked. Out of line
A HAT'NS. like that
A'HIS'N. like this.
AWSE. a horse.
AWTS. left overs after a meal.
AWD BIN. I had been.
AWTHER AYTHER. either.
AWVE or AWF. (half) hayve.
AWVE BIN. I have been.
AX. to ask.
AXINS. AXED. AYT. marriage banns. Askings in church.
AYSTER. Easter, Esther.
AWSE BE GOOIN. I shall be going.
BACKURDS and FORRUD. backwards and forwards.
BACK ID. Autumn - the end of the summer season. 88.
BACK SET. a nest egg with which to fall back on.
BADGER. a wholesale potato or produce merchant.
BADGING HOOK. bill hook for hedge cutting.
BAGGIN. worker's refreshment, mid-morning or mid-afternoon. Drink of tea and a sandwich.
BATE. a starting point in a jumping contest or a game of marbles.
BAIT. to feed working horses.
BAIT OR BATE. He's te'nt bate. He's taken offence.
BALLY WURCH. belly ache.
BALLIES. Blacksmith's bellows.
BALL. bole, the trunk of a tree.
BALM OF GIIAD. Balm of Gilead - a living plant in a vessel of water to which sugar is fed, producing a drink.
BAGGS O. beats all.
BANSLE. to thrash or beat.
BASH. to have a try.
BASSON. a basin.
BASS. slatey coal. Another name for raffia.
BANT. a band. A tie round an object.
BASS BAG. a bag made from jute. A shopping bag.
BANT. stamina, energy or strength ,of a weakly person - ("he's ned getten mich bant" - (Hasn't got)
BANTING. to diet in order to slim, to eat less in order to slim.
BATI. to beat.
BATT. to run at a fast speed.
BATED. abated - to have stopped raining.
BAWK. a large heavy piece of timber, a beam.
BAWK. to cry as a child.The voice of a cow or calf.
BAWK. to frustrate another person's actions or intentions.
BAWM. balm, ointment.
BAWMS. a feeling of lassitude with a reluctance to work o. ~: action.
BAYCAKE. the corncrake. A bird which calls bay cake (not heard locally since the extreme winter of 1930). BAYUND, bound. Where are you bound.
BEEST. BEESTINGS. the first milk of a cow after calving used to make custard pies, and custards.
BE SAID. wouldn't. A child who does not obey when ordered to desist.
BNUST, a cow, beeus - cows.
BEEUT or BEET TEE FIRE. light or make the fire. -:
BEEUT. to beat.
BE HINND. behind.
BELIVE. THEER BELIVE. there it is.
BELABBURED. beaten by many blows.
BELLING. bellowing by a cow or a bull. i:
BELTER. a large specimen of its kind.
BERM. barm, yeast.
BESOM. a brush made from small twigs.
BESOM. an old woman o ill repute.
BID. to ask mourners to a funeral.
BILL. a hedging hook or slasher.
BILL. the name William.
BINN. a container for storing corn or feeding stuffs for livestock.
BIN. been. I have been.
BINGY. butter which has gone stale, through a fault in making.
BLAIN. inflammation of the eye caused by a cold.
BLAB. to tell.
BLAB NYUTE. a tell tale.
BLANDERED. confused, puzzled.
BLEB. a small blister as in a rash of the skin.
BLEDDER. a bladder.
BLETHER. to say a lot about nothing, to talk pointlessly. I
BLETHER HEEUD or BLEDDER EhUD. an ignorant person who likes to hear himself talk.
BLOBBER. the larger marble used in the game of marbles. [n
BLUE UNS. delirium, tremens, extremely drunk
BLUFFIN. an ignorant person, a stupid person. I
BLUSS, BLUSSED. to blindfold a straying horse or cow.
BOD A LITE. only a few.
BOTT. a leather jacket, a caterpillar which exists in the soil, very destructive to the roots and stems of growing crops. This is the larvae of the crane fly, daddy long legs.
BOOARD. a board, a piece of timber.
BOO. a bough of a tree.
BOOST. a stall in a cow shed.
BOODER. a boulder.
BONDARY. a boundary.
BONNY. handsome, of a wholesome or pleasing appearance.
BONK. a bank. Jay Bonk, Jay Bank, Bonks - Banks, Southport.
BORNE OF CLOOUS. a large bundle or quantity of clothes.
BOSTIN. a division between horse stalls for washing.
BOTCH. to spoil a piece of work.
BOTTLE. a bundle of straw which has been threshed.
BOTE. past tense of bite.
BOW YANK. a cord tied round the trouser leg below the knee with a bow, released by a yank at the end of the cord. This practice was used to keep the breeches bottoms out| of the slutoh and to allow slackness at the knees which avoided the trouser knees when damp getting split.
BOKE. to poke.
BOKING AYUT. sticking out, protruding.
BOW. to bowl as in cricket.
BOWSTER. a bolster.
BOWSTER HEEUD. a swelled headed lazy ignorant person.
BOTTLED STREEU. straw which has passed through the thrashing machine, emerging tied in bottles or bundles. This was before baling of straw was invented. Some straw was bottled specially for use in thatching stacks as baled straw was not suitable for this purpose.
BRACKLE. not so. Not so work brackle - not keen to work work shy.
BRAST. to burst.
BRAT. an apron, a rough brat - an apron made of hessian
BRAYID. an area or breadth of land.
BRAYUSING. cutting away the weeds etc.
BRAYUS. weeds and growth along a ditch or fence.
BREECHES GALLOWS. braces on which trousers are hung (galluzes).
BREER. a briar.
BREWARD (IN). seeds, corn, etc. in germination.
BRID. a bird.
BRINDLED. an animal cf mixed clouring, sometimes 3 (three colours.
BRIZZ. a small thin twig, an offshoot.
BRIZZED. a tree or branch with many small side shoots.
BROO. a brow, a hill along the road, the forehead.
BROSSEN. a fat stout person with a full face, gross, fat to bursting.
BOD ONE. only one. Bod a lite - only a few.
BRODDLE. a broad fat person, who is inclined to waddle.
BRUCK. a brook, a running stream.
BRUN. to burn, brunt - burnt.
BUCKLE TO. to start or set ot work, to start eating (an invitation).
BUD. but, only. O bud - all but. Con bud - can but. .
B0MMIN ID UP. praising an object, giving it an exaggerate.
BUN. bound up, to tie up.
BUSTION. inflammation, a form of poisoning in the hand or fingers.
BUTT. rounded beds in old pastures. Bed prepared to take vegetable seeds.
BUTTERY. the pantry.
BUTTY. a slice of bread buttered.
BULLORS. Bullace Sloes, Wild Damsons
BURLEY. a call for release by a boy when fighting or wrestling. (purley - parley)
BURLEY. barley, corn.
BURLEY HONOUR. a call when a birds nest is found.
CADGE. to beg, to borrow.
CALAMANC A. a tortoiseshell cat.
CAMBRIL. a notched piece of wood used to stretch aart the legs of a pig when slaughtered and hung up. This is done for the pig to cool and dry.
CALLY. a male bumble bee, a drone, these are lighter in colour (yellow)
CAMMED. shoes which are crooked or out of shape.
CAILLNG. persons arguing and disagreeing.
CANKY. ill tempered as a small child.
CAPS 0. it caps all. It beats all. I
CAPPED. telling a better story than the previous one.
CAPPED. to be surprised. It cas me - it surrises me.
CAPPLE. a patch on a shoe or ciog uppers.
CATY PUSS. a catapult.
CAUSEY. a metalled roadway or causeway.
CAWVE. a calf.
CAWVE LICKED. a person with a lock of hair lyin the opposite way to the rest which refuses to be controlled.
CAYU. a cow.
CHATS. small potatoes.
CHEER. a chair.
CHELP. impudent or insulting words from a child to a grown-up.
CHEEUPER. CHEPPER. oheaper.
CHEEUT. to cheat.
CHILE'T. a child.
CHIM BL EY a ohimney.
CHIN KLING. Laughing, giggling.
CHINKING. Chink, Cough. Chinking. Whooping Cough, Chin Cough.
CHIPPING. the breaking of the eggshell when a chick hatches
CHIST. a clothes chest, a kist.
CHOMP. to champ as a horse. To chew.
CHUNNER. to grumble, to complain.
CHUCK. to throw with an under arm motion, to pitch.
CHURN STAFF. a weed with a flat round head. This weed is shaped like a miniature churn staff, with a straight stem and flat round head.
CHURLIE. the name Charlie.
CLAGGED UP. clogged up as farm implements with mud or wet clay. A drain which is blocked by rubbish or mud.
CLAM STAVE & DAUB. materials used to build cottages, usually thatched with straw.
CLAMMED. clemmed. Starved for lack of food.
CLAPPED DOWN. to put an article down, to place down an object.
CLAPPED EYES. to see or set eyes on an object.
CLAT CAN. a tell tale. CLAYUD. a cloud.
CLAYUT. a clout or blow, a patch on clothing.
CLAWSES. closes. The name of an enclosed piece of land in Mawdesley.
CLEG. the horse fly.
CLIP. to embrace, to cling round the waist.
CLOD. to throw.
CLOCK. a small black beetle which infested willows. A seed head of dandelion.
CLOWG. clog. .
CLOZZOMED. clasped hold of a person. To claim attention of a person, of superior rank or importance.
CLOMP. clomping, to walk noisily. _
CLOTTER. to stumble or fall. He cluttered down - He fell down the steps.
CLUTTERED. a room or an area covered or encumbered by scattered articles.
COD. to tease, to deceive.
COCKED UP. an objeot standing up.
COB'S O. beats all. COB. peculiar looking, rum looking
COB. peculiar looking..
COB'ST. queerest looking.
CODE. (they) called, cone - they call or name him.
COE. to call, to cast aspersions on or against a person.
COMM. a comb, to comb.
COLLOP. a slice of ham or bacon.
COLLEY WEST. contrary, at variance in conversation.
CON TEH. can you.
CONSTRE. to argue to consider on a subject. I
COPPY. (coppice) a field in Mawdesley which was planted with willows.
COP. to catch. The bank of a ditch or roadway.
COOTH. a cold, full o cooth - full of cold.
COOURD. a cord.
COOURT. a Court (Police Court).
COCURT. to court a girl.
COOURSE. a water course. To hunt hares with greyhounds. Coarse.
COOTER. a plough coulter. Plough share.
COOUT. a coat.
CORK. core of an apple or pear.
COOUT. a Cote. Pig or pigeon cote. A Coat.
COSP. the crosspiece of a spade handle. Cusp - crosspiece of a sword.
CRACKED UP. given an exaggerated description - an over rated value.
CRACKED ON. He never cracked on. He did not reveal his knowledge of the circumstances.
CRANCH. crunch. Noise as in eating celery.
CRAYUN. a crown.'
CRAYUN ISLES. large tufts of coarse grass in rough grass land.
CRATTY. a dare i.e. jumping a wide ditch, climbing an old tree. Crattied him - beaten him, bested him.
CRATCH. a rack for hay.
CRAYTUR. a creature.
N'OWD CRAYTUR. an old person.
CRILLS. to shiver. Cowd crills run dayun mu back.
CRIMBLE. to crumble bread with the fingers.
CROM. to cram.
CROPE. he crept.
CROWN ISLES. tufts or clumps of coarse grass in a neglected field.
CRUDDLED. curdled, milk which has gone sour.
CRUDDLED DOWN. crouched down, to hide.
CROODLED UP. crouched or hunched up to keep warm.
CRUMPERS. shears used in basket making.
CRUMP. to cut strong sticks for baskets using shears.:
CRUTS. stunted apples on a tree.
CUBBORT. a cupboard.
CUCKOO SPIT. froth on grass stems which contains an inseot
CUFF. to cough..
CURT. a cart.
CUT. canal. Cut's brast - The canal has burst its banks.
DAB. to touch lightly as with a cloth, to poke.
DAB HAND. expert at a job of work.
DAB WESH. to manage with a few articles on wash day.
DAD. to assist or help a person to move or waik without actually carrying them.
DAD. to nove a heavy object i.e. a flagstone by walking it moving one corner, then the other.
DANDY. an over-dressed foppish person. A bantam fowl.
DANDY. (water) an oval metal container on wheels used for conveying water from one place to another.
DALLID. damn it.
DANG ID. damn it, dang id o - damn it all.
DAGGLY. showery, broken weather.
DANT. to be daunted, to be nervous.
DAR'NT. darent - dare not (he darn'd).
DAR SEP. dare say.
DATELESS. without foresight, without sense or energy.
DASSENT. he dare not.
DASS SEE. dare say.
DATALLER. a casual labourer paid by the hour or the day.
DAWER. DORR. a door.
DAYUK. to duck down.
DEE. to die.
DEOTH UV A COWD. death of a cold.
DEEUL. a deal, a great deal, a lot.
DEG. to water plants or seeds. Deggin - watering.
DE<. a dam in a stream.
DEMMED. a stream controlled or blocked by a dam.
DEXIE. a young mischievous boy.
DILFU. in a terribly poor state. An inefficient person. Woss thun dilfu - a hopeless situation.
DIBBLER. a round piece of wood sharpened at one end, used for making holes in the soil to take seeds or plants.
DIMMOCK. an inferior object, a reject, as in sorting vegetables, potatoes etc.
DINGE. to dent as a tin or sheet metal.
DINGIN AT IT. to be working steadily away, hurrying along.
DITHER. to shiver, to shake or tremble.
DOOUR. a door.
DOO. a big occasion, party or entertainment.
DOCK. to cut off as puppie's tails. To deduct from wages or payments.
DOFFED. to take off clothes or hat.
DONNED UP. dressed in their best ciothes.
DOLLOP. a piece of mud, or other semi-liquid substance.:
DOSSY. a badly dressed woman, a slut.
DOING. thriving or improving in health after an illness.
DOES TU. do you. .
DOW. dole or charity.
DREE. a tedious task requiring much patience. He's dree in coming. - He's a long time in coming.
DREEUM. a dream.
DREM'T. he dreamed.
DRORE. a drawer.
DROPPED ON. a person taken by surprise, dismayed.
DROOT. a drought, a rainless period.
DROOTY. a dry rainless period, droughty.
DUB-DUBBIN. to cut or trim a hedge with the shears.
DINOCK. a hedge sparrow.
DUST UP. a row, a fight.
EEUSINS. the eaves.
EE. eye.BR> EEN. eyes.
EE. an expression of delight or surprise.
EEND. the end.
EDDISH. the grass which grows after the first mowing of hay grass.
EDGE O DURK. dusk, twilight.
EDGE O LEET. the village of Bretherton.
EIGH YOU. Hey. An exclamation of alarm. A challenge.
EIGHT. to eat.
ELDER. a cow's udder.
EMMEH DO. have me do. Wod will't emmeh do.
ELBOW GREASE. using the hand and arm to accomplish a task.
ESS. ash. The fine dust from a house fire.
ESTU, ESTU GETTEN. have you got.
ESSHOLE. the pit under a fire covered by a grid which takes the fine ash.
E'TAYU. in two, to break in two pieces.
ETT'N. to have eaten.
FAGGED OUT. tired out, weary.
FARROW - IRG. a sow giving birth to a litter of young pigs.
FAIN. glad, pleased.
FASH. to cut tops from turnips, when pulling and harvesting. (French - fauche - cut)
FAVVER. to look like another person, to favour another person.
FAWSE. cunning, false. Fawse as a monkey.
FEIGHT. a fight.
FELLAR. a man, a mon.
FELLOES. the rounds of a cart wheel.
FENDS. provides. He fends fer his sell - He provides for himself.
FER ILL. very ill.
FEITERED. to be burdened with an unwanted companion.
FETTLE. to repair, to mend.
FETTLE. fit. A person in good condition. In good health.
FITHER. a feather.
FITCH. Veitch or member of the pea or bean species.
FLAYUR. flour, flower.
FLEE. to flay or skin a rabbit.
FLEE. a fly.
FLEET. nimble. A quick fast workman.
FLEETINS. the first milk from a cow after calving.
FLECKED. spotted or marrked, blemished.
FLEIGHTH. a flea or fleas.
FLEWER. the floor.
FLOP. to fall.
FLOP. a business whicI fails. An entertainment or party which is not a success.
FLUNTER. a person in a temper who is confused and surprised
FLUSHED. young birds leaving the nest. Fledged.
FOO. a fool.
FLUST. she went off in a flust. An outburst of rage or temper.
FLUTTERMENT. an accidental upset, a spill.
FOOUR NOONER. a child born before the marriage of the parents.
FOOMURT. Foul marten, a pole cat. (Tha stinks woss thun a foomurt - You smell worse than a pole cat.)
FOE. to fall, fone - fallen.
FOTCH. to fetch. Fotched - fetched.
FOW ugly, unsightly, foul.
FOWD. fold or yard.
FRAME. to fix or adjust oneself in a suitable position to work.
FRAP. to snap with the two hands, rotten wood or a brittle substance.
FRIZZEN. a pert or insolent young girl.
FROO. from. Wheer does tu come froo. -ere do you come from.
FRUMMITY. a porridge consisting of wheat grains boiled in milk.
FRUM. brittle as a dry stick or dead and rotten wood.
F0B. dead rubbishy grass inedible for livestock.
FUDDLE OR FUDDLED. helplessly drunk.
FUMMOCKING. fumbling, clumsy.
FURTH. a litter of young pigs.
FURMER. a farmer.
FUSSOCK. a fusspot, a person who makes a big fuss about trivial things.
FUTE. a foot.
FUSTIAN. Corduroy. The material used for making trousers. Fustion breeches.
GAD. to run wildly as cattle when released after being confined for
GADDING. to go visiting frequently, to go often to town.
GALLUSES. braces. Breeches gallows on which the trousers are hung.
GAMM. game for a lark, an amusing person.
GANSEY. a knitted jersey or coat.
GANGIN. Awd better bi gangin. - I'd better be going.
GAWPE. to stare with open mouth. An ignorant person.
GAWPY. an ignorant person.
GAWPIN. witless. Not understanding simple things.
GAWM. to understand. To recognise a friend or neighbour
GAWMLESS. careless, dull and stupid.
GAWSTERING. a person who talks in a loud voice with an over-bearing, domineering, swaggering manner.
GAYUN. a gown.
GED. to get, to gather as potatoes or fruit. (Ged on wi thi barrow) - get on with your tale.
GETTEN. has got.
GEARS. a horse's harness.
GESSLING. a young goose.
GETHER. to gather, to collect.
GETHER. gethering, a cut or sore which is festering or septic.
GENNEL. a narrow passage, a shallow gutter, cut to release water.
GINNELL. usually referring to a narrow passage between buildings.
GIN AGEN. given again, as frost emerging from paving : stones after a thaw and after a keen frost.
GILT. a young female pig which has not been mated.
GIZZERN. gizzard. The digestive organ of a fowl.
GLAYVEY. slippery surface, smooth as black ice.
GLEED. a glowing fire, without smoke or flame.
GLOPPENED (FUR). astounded, shocked, surprised, taken unawares,
GLOOVE. glooves. Glove, gloves.
GOFF (GREIGHED). an ignorant stupid person. 7
GOOIN OFF. going to town.
GOB. the mouth. Shut thi gob - Shut your mouth.
GOBBIN. a silly empty headed person.
GONDER. gander. A male goose.
GOSH DALID. an expression uttered by a person vexed with himself. A polite way of swearing.
GRADELY. genuine, proper.
GRANNY. a fall when sliding or skating.
GRAWTS. groats, hulled but unground oats.
GRAYUND. ground, land.
GREEUSSED LEETNIN. greased lightning.
GREEUS (GRASS). grease, fat.
GRED GOFF. a big fool.
GREIGHED. great big.
GOWSE. to guess.
GRIN. a noose made of soft wire for snaring rabbits.
GRIP. a graft or spades depth. A term used when cutting a trench for a drain.
GROOUN. a groan.
GROOHUND. a greyhound.
GROOTH. growth, groos - grows, grooin - growing.
GROOUP. to grope.
GRUNDSEL. groundsel, a weed.
GRUN. ground - as meal or flour.
GRUTTED IN. dirty, ingrained dirt, grouted in.
GUDDLE. to catch trout with the hands, to tickle trout.
GUINEA PEG or PIG. a short round piece of wood with a sharp pointed end which placed on a brick is struck on the pointed end with a stick to make it rise. The peg is then struck whilst in the air. The com peting players stride the distance the peg has travelled.
GUMPTION. common sense.
GURNER. garner, a granary.
GUTS. courage, spirit, the stomach.
HADD-BUTT. head butt. Headland, the turning space at the end of the
furrow, when ploughing, also used as a cart track.
HACKLIN. weather, broken uncertain weather, showery
HACKLIN JOB. difficult with many hindrances, awkward to achieve.
HAFFLIN AND SHAFFLIN. to hesitate, to waver intentionally in making a decision.
HAFT. the handle of a knife.
HAGGED TO'T DEEUTH. overworked and worried to death.
HAIGLES or AIGLES. the berries of the hawthorn.
HALLOWDAY. a holiday.
HAMMOCK. to make id hammock - to make an object, machine or tool, to perform its task.
HAND RUNNING. he went four days together - four consecutive days.
HANCH. to snap or bite, as a dog.
HANGMENT. Wod the hangment artu dooin - What the hell are you doing.
HAPPLY. perhaps, might.
HAPPEN ID WILL. perhaps it will.
HARR JARRIN. quarrelling, falling out.
HATTOCK. a stook, thre or four sheaves on each side leaning inwards, th knot of the hand being turned inside. The hattocks used to be hooded by placing two sheaves on top with the ears opened out point-ing downwards.
HAWSKIN. clearing the throat.
HAWMPLE. to limp, to walk badly as if crippled or with sore legs or feet.
HAWMS. part of a horse's gears, the two pieces of wood fitted to the horses collar when yoked.
HAWSE. a horse.
HAWTER. a horses halter.
HECK. word of exclamation. Wod the heck - By the heck.
HECK the barrier below the hinged doors of a barn.
HEDD;ND. had not.
HEDD. he had.
HEDDISH. eddish. The after grass.
HEFTY. strong, vigorous, a big person.
HELVE. a shaft or handle for a pick or sledgehammer.
HEPS AND HIPS. fruit or berries of the wild rose.
HEIFFER. a young cow, which has not had a calf, a : female calf.
HEIGHSS. to urge a dog on to attack or chase. To hie it on
HEEURSE. a hearse.
HESSLE. to shuffle or squeeze through a crowd.
HES TA. have you. Hes tu get'n - Have you got.
HIE TRE. look sharp. Get going - Ged gooin.
HERPLE. to limp, to walk awkvardly as if in pain. :
HING. to hang. To he honged.
HIE THE. hurry up.
HOO WOR. she was.
HOOR. whore, prostitute.
HOB GOBBIN. an ungainly fool.
HOM MERa hammer.
HOR. her. Hor's - her's. -
HORRIN. a dog growling.
HORTER. a horse's halter.
HOT. a finger stall.
HOYST. to drive away as children or dogs,
THOWD. to hold.
HUCK. a hook.
HUMMERBEE. a Bumble Bee.
HUMS. it smells strongly.
HUNNISHED. as children who have been badly fed and illtreated.
HURBOUR. to harbour. To retain or accumulate rubbish.
HURD ON. close by, nearly.
HURKEN. hearken, listen.
HUTCHIN. to crouch.
HUTCHED UP. crouched.
HUZZIF. housewife. A sewing outfit, needles, thread etc.
HURT. the heart.
HURTH. the hearth.
HURTH STOOUN. the hearth stone
I'D. I had, I would.
ID. it. Id wor - It was.
ISTA. are you. Art thou.
IT'LE COME. it will come.
I'THEER. in there.
INSENSE. to make the reason clear to another person. To impress the reason
IN FOR ID. in for punishment or retaliation.
JACKS. a game played by girls with a marble and pottery jacks.
JAY. a bird with bright coloured feathers, slightly smaller than a pigeon.
JANNOCK. a type of bread, dark in colour of whi¢h black treacle and oatmeal are two of the ingredients.
JANNOCK. not jannock, not genuine, not fair treatment, a person who is not genuine.
JA'MS. jambs. The upright stones on each side of the fireplace.
JERT. to move sharply. "bi jertin". Go away, take your hook.
JILLIVERS. wallflowers. ;
JIMP. relaxed, without energy.
JINNY GRINTY. Jenny Greenteeth. Boggart in the well or pit of water spoken of to keep children away.
JOLLOP. a dose of aperient medicine.
JOW. to jolt.
JUMPED UP UN. an upstart, a person with a good opinion of himself.
JUNTIN. speaking in a blunt jerky manner.
KAIL. to forestall or go before a person.
KAIL. turn or position, in a queue. (Awve kailed him - Awve come afoor him).
KAPPLE or CAPPLE. a patch on the upper of a boot or clog.
KARR. to cower.
KAYUL. (under). one who is the under dog.
KEB. a muck rake. A hoe.
KECK. to tip over, to tip out of a barrow.
KECKLE. the cackle of a laying hen.
KECKIN CART. a tipping cart.
KEIGH. a key. .
KELSH. as a greenstick fracture, a term used in basket making when willow stakes kink but do not break off completely.
KESTER. the surname Christopher. There are two Kesters farms in Lancashire.
KESTMAS. Christmas, Xmas.
KESTNIN. a christening.
KESTREL HAWK. which hovers in the form of a cross.
KEYVED. keyved oer - to turn over, to overbalance as a person.
A KINDLE. to light a fire.
KINDLE. to give birth to a litter. As a rabbit.
KINDLIN. material, sticks to light a fire.
KIPPLE OER. to tip over. BR> KIST. a clothes chest.
KITTLE, CATTLE. nervous people, undecided people. :;:
KITTLE. a cat giving birth to kittens.
KITTLIN. a kitten.
KNICKETY PEGS. BONES. two flat bones held between fingers in one hand, played in time to a tune.
KNEIGEVE. a clenched fist.
KNOCKED UP. tired out, exhausted.
KNOBSTICKS. Yes Men. When the squire was Chairman at a meeting, the farmes would thump on the floor with their knobsticks in agreement with him.
KNOWD. he knew.
LADE to bale water out.
LADING CAN. a oan with a handle on the side used for carrying water about the house.
LACE. Laced him - to beat an opponent in a game.
LAFT. to have departed
LAMPASTE. to beat savagely.
LAMM. to beat.
LAMM. to run away. He lammed off.
LANT. stale urine, used as a fertiliser.
LAND. to lend.
LANT. (past tense of lend). :
LAP. to wrap. Lapped up - wrapped up.
LAT. a lathe, a thin strip of wood.
LATCH. to take hold of an article, to take possession of.
LAWSE. loose. Lawsed. Skoos lawsed - the children are freed from school
LAYOERS. to catch meddlers. The answer to an inquiry about the contents of a bag or parcel.
LAYTCH. a pool of water in the road.
LAYUP (hole). loop holes as in barns, set in diamond
LAYUS. a louse. Layusy - lousy.
LEE. lay. Id lee theer - it lay there.
LEEFER. Rather. I would leefer.
LEET ON. he told and gave away a confidence.
LEET. to alight.
LEETS'N LIVER. lungs and liver of a pig.
LEET'ND TO U TUMBLED. Might have fallen.
LEET GOOU. he let go his hold.
LEEUN. as lean meat. .
LEEUP. to leap.
LEEUV. to leave.
LEMBER. supple, active.
LEATHER. to beat.
LEATHER HEEUD. a silly irresponsible person.
LECK. a leak.
LEIGHN. to lean. To favour one side in a dispute.
LEY. land, grass land.
LEW W0RM. luke warm. ;
LICK. to beat.
LICK AND A PROMISE. a scamped and hurried wash.
LIKE. to care for. To love a person.
LIKE AIM. to suspect or opine what the actions or intentions of a person will be.
LIMB. a lively miechievous boy.
LITE. a few in number.
LIVE'N. they do live in that house.
LITHE. to thicken broth or aoup (flour).
LOOUD. a load.
LOOUN. a lane.
LOB SIDED. leaning to one side.
LOBB. a part-time game keeper.
LOBB. to loiter or idle about.
LOBB. a greighed lobb - a great lazy thing.
LOB. to throw or bowl an object in an arc, i.e. a hand grenade.
LOCK SPITTLE. a small gutter to run off water on farm land after heavy rain.
LOBSCOUSE. potato hash. Similar to hotpot but cooked in a pan.
LOOKING GLASS. a mirror.
LOLL. to recline, to lounge about.
LORD MWCH FRO TORD HO. Lord Muck from Turd Hall. A pompous man who tries to impress.
LORKIN ABAYUT. larking about, hanging about.
LORK. (lazy lork). A lazy person, a neer do weel.
LORRYING. carrying a heavy or unwieldy burden.
LOWANCE. a sooup o lowance - a quantity of intoxicating drink.
LOZZUCKIN ABAY0T. idling about doing nothing.
LOZZUCK. a lazy person of a tramp like appearance.
LUG. to carry, as a heavy burden.
LUM. a deep pool in a running stream.
LUNG BRUSH. a brush with a long handle, as a yard or house brush.
LURK. a bird, the Lark. A mischievous act. .
LUMBER. boys in mischief or trouble.
LUMBER. useless or discarded objects.